DALLAS (KXAN) — For the first time, UT Southwestern Medical Center scientists have calculated and mapped life expectancy by gender and race/ethnicity down to the ZIP code and county levels in Texas.
The new analysis and interactive mapping tool, which uses data from the Texas Department of State Health Services (DSHS) Center for Health Statistics’ 2005-14 death records, reveal dramatic variation by gender, race/ethnicity and geography.
Highlights from the study include:
- Life expectancy was longest — 97.0 years — in the 78634 ZIP code in Hutto and was shortest — 66.7 years — in the 76104 ZIP code in Fort Worth.
- Overall, life expectancy in Texas varied as much as 30 years between ZIP codes.
- Women’s overall life expectancy was 5.2 years longer than men’s.
- Hispanic, black and white women had longer life expectancies than their male counterparts.
- Hispanic life expectancy was 3 years longer than white life expectancy and 5.9 years longer than black life expectancy.
- Life expectancy was strongly associated with poverty. Those living in ZIP codes with less than 5 percent poverty lived an average of 82.4 years, whereas those living in ZIP codes with more than 20 percent poverty lived an average of 76.4 years.
“We knew that where you live is predictive of health, but the degree of variation that we observed in this study was really striking, down to the ZIP code level,” said Dr. Sandi Pruitt, lead investigator of the new study and Assistant Professor in the Department of Population and Data Sciences at UT Southwestern.
Overall life average expectancy for women is 81.1 years compared with 75.9 for men. Life expectancy is 81.2 years for Hispanics, 78.1 years for whites, and 75.3 years for blacks.
For more information and to see the life expectancy where you live, click here.