Today is Monday, July 22, the 203rd day of 2013. There are 162 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1298 - William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance against English rule, uses extra-long spears against mounted soldiers at the Battle of Falkirk. The new fighting tactic is depicted in the 1995 movie "Braveheart."
1587 - A second English colony, which later vanishes under mysterious circumstances, is established on Roanoke Island off Virginia.
1620 - Exiled British Pilgrims set out from Holland for the New World on their ship Speedwell, which leaks so badly they return to England and transfer to the Mayflower.
1739 - Turks defeat Austrian troops at Crocyka, and threaten Belgrade. The Austrians are later forced to cede northern Serbia and part of Romania.
1793 - Scottish fur trader and explorer Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Canadian Pacific coast, becoming the first to cross the North American continent north of Mexico.
1933 - U.S. aviator Wiley Post completes first solo airplane flight around the world in seven days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
1943 - Allied forces led by Gen. George S. Patton capture Palermo, Sicily, in World War II.
1950 - King Leopold III returns to Belgium after six years of exile, but abdicates in August. His actions during World War II as commander in chief of the Belgian Army during the German conquest aroused opposition.
1962 - Algeria declares independence following protracted war of secession from France.
1968 - Israeli airliner bound for Israel from Rome with 48 people aboard is hijacked and diverted to Algeria.
1971 - Last U.S. infantry units pull out of South Vietnam's northern border area.
1973 - Soviet space probe begins six-month journey toward Mars.
1976 - Japan completes its World War II reparations payments with a final payment to the Philippines.
1977 - Egypt bombs and strikes major air base in Libya in second day of conflict between the two countries.
1981 - Turkish extremist Mehmet Ali Agca is sentenced in Rome to life in prison for shooting Pope John Paul II.
1988 - Car loaded with bombs blows up near Syrian military intelligence base in west Beirut, killing seven people and wounding 48.
1990 - Liberian President Samuel K. Doe becomes virtual prisoner in presidential mansion as rebels besiege Monrovia and Doe's 500-man security force refuses to let him leave without them.
1992 - Medellin drug cartel leader Pablo Escobar slips past scores of guards at his luxury, custom-built prison and walks to freedom. He dies in a shootout with police the following year.
1994 - Citing an economic crisis, Venezuelan President Rafael Caldera suspends constitutional rights.
1996 - A U.N. agency begins dropping tons of food from a cargo plane to help an estimated 700,000 people facing serious food shortages in southern Sudan.
1997 - Nearly 400 rebels, believed to be the last of the former Contra rebels, surrender their weapons to President Arnoldo Aleman in northern Nicaragua.
1998 - The five-day battle for Orahovac, the scene of the fiercest fighting yet in Kosovo, ends before dawn when the last of the ethnic Albanian rebel fighters withdraw.
1999 - Japan's first deadly hijacking occurs when a man stabs the pilot to death and seizes the controls. The flight lands 49 minutes later in Tokyo, 516 others on board are uninjured. The hijacker says he wanted to fly a real plane.
2001 - Divers begin preparations for raising the sunken Russian nuclear submarine Kursk, which sank in August 2000 during a training exercise in the Barents Sea off northern Russia, killing all 118 crew members.
2003 - U.S. forces attack a home in Mosul, Iraq, killing former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's two sons, Uday and Qusay.
2004 - Thirty-nine prisoners have died in U.S. custody in Iraq and Afghanistan since the fall of 2001 and there have been 94 cases of proven or suspected abuse, the Army says in a broad new report giving a more precise and higher estimate of the scale of the abuse.
2005 - Multiple pre-dawn bombings targeting several hotels kill at least 88 in the Egyptian tourist resort of Sharm el-Sheik in the Sinai Peninsula.
2006 - A magnitude-5.1 earthquake hits a mountainous area in southwestern China, killing at least 19 people and injuring 60 as it topples homes and sets off landslides.
2007 - Turkey's Islamic-rooted ruling party wins parliamentary elections, taking at least 331 of 550 seats despite warnings from the secular opposition that the government is a threat to secular traditions.
2008 - European Union foreign ministers agree to toughen sanctions against Zimbabwe's President Robert Mugabe to pressure him to share power with the opposition.
2009 — President Barack Obama says he pressed Iraq's prime minister to make room in his government and security forces for all ethnic and religious groups to prevent a resurgence of the violence and turmoil that took the country to the verge of civil war.
2010 — American officials brush aside North Korea's warning that new U.S. financial sanctions against the communist regime and the staging of military maneuvers off the Korean coast this weekend raises the risk of war.
2011 — A home-grown terrorist sets off an explosion that ripped open buildings in the heart of Norway's government, then goes to a summer camp dressed as a police officer and guns down youths as they ran and even swam for their lives. At least 16 people are killed in the Nordic nation' worst violence since World War II.
2012 — The top commander of U.S. and NATO forces in Afghanistan, Gen. John Allen, says this year's pullout of 23,000 U.S. troops is at the halfway mark.
Gregor Johann Mendel, Austrian botanist (1822-1882); Edward Hopper, U.S. painter (1882-1967); Alexander Calder, U.S. sculptor (1898-1976); Licia Albanese, Italian-born soprano (1913--); George Clinton, U.S. singer (1941--); Alex Trebek, Canadian game show host of 'Jeopardy' (1940--); Danny Glover, U.S. actor (1947--); Willem Dafoe, U.S. actor (1955--); David Spade, U.S. actor/comedian (1964--); Rhys Ifans, Welsh actor (1967--); Rufus Wainwright, U.S.-Canadian rock singer (1973--).
Thought For Today:
When fate hands us a lemon, let's try to make lemonade. — Dale Carnegie, American author (1888-1955)
Copyright 2013 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.
A local road project more than two decades in the making won't save drivers as much time as many had hoped.
The University of Texas Board of Regents adjourned Thursday without taking action on the job status of embattled UT President Bill Powers.
Longhorns coach Mack Brown talked with reporters Thursday for the first time since reports surfaced this week that he could be stepping down.
Two men were arrested and a third was being sought by police for the shooting death of 47-year-old Russell Martens.
Parking arrangements are a bit different this year at Austin's Trail of Lights, but there are options to suit just about anybody.
After two hours of discussion regarding the final design for Auditorium Shores, the Austin City Council decided to approve the design on a vote of 7-0 with amendments.